Youth Culture - Secondary Sources
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Adams, Gerald and Gordon Munro. “Portrait of the North American Runaways: A Critical Review.&rdquo Journal of Youth and Adolescence 8 (1979): 359-73.
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Alden, Margaret. Child Life and Labour: Social Service Handbook 6. London: Headley, 1913.
Allan, Emilie, and Darrell Steffensmeier. “Youth, Underemployment, and Property Crime: Differential Effects of Job Availability and Job Quality on Juvenile and Young Adult Arrest Rates.” American Sociological Review 54 (1989): 107-23.
Allsebrooke, Annie, and Anthony Swift. Broken Promise: The World of Endangered Children.London: Headway, 1989.
Amnesty International. “Child Victims of Killling and Cruelty.” Focus (Sept. 1990): 3-6.
Aptekar, Lewis. “Characteristics of the Street Children of Colombia.” Child Abuse and Neglect 13.3 (1989): 427-37.
---. Street Children of Cali. Durham, NC: Duke UP, 1988.
Ariès, Philippe. Centuries of Childhood: A Social History of Family Life.New York: Vintage, 1962.
Armstrong, Clairette. 660 Runaway Boys; Why Boys Desert Their Homes.Boston: Badger, 1932.
Artenstein, Jeffrey. Runaways: In Their Own Words. Kids Talking about Living on the Streets. New York: Doherty, 1990.
Ashby, Leroy. Saving the Waifs: Reformers and Dependent Children (1890- 1984). Philadelphia: Temple UP, 1984.
Asquith, Stewart. “When Children Kill Children.” Childhood 3.1 (1996):99-116.
Barker, G., and F. Knaul. Exploited Entrepreneurs: Street and Working Children in Developing Countries.New York: Childhope-USA, 1991.
Barman, Jean. “Child Labour.” The Canadian Encyclopedia. 6 pars. 21 Apr. 2009 <http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?
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Behlmer, George K. Child Abuse and Moral Reform in England, 1870-1908.Stanford, CA: Stanford UP, 1982.
Benette, Paul W. “Training ‘Bad Boys’ of the Dangerous Class’: Child Rescue and Restraint at the Victoria Industrial School, 1887-1935.” Social History 21.41 (May 1988): 71-96.
Benson, Marry Eleanor. Streets and Lanes of the City. London: Richard Clay and Sons, 1891.
Bienvenue, Louise. Quand la jeunesse entre en scène.Montréal: Boréal, 2003.
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“Brazil Youth Killings Soar.” New York Times 18 Nov. 1997, New York ed.: A4.
Brown, Judy. “Worthy of Serious Study.” Rev. of Growing Up: Childhood in English Canada from the Great War to the Age of Television, by Neil Sutherland, and Children in English Canadian Society: Framing the Twentieth Century Consensus, by Neil Sutherland. Canadian Literature 174 (Autumn 2002): 183-85.
Brown, Stephen. “Social Class, Child Maltreatment, and Delinquency Behavior.” Criminology 22 (1984): 259-78.
Bullen, John. “J.J. Kelao and the ‘New’ Child-Savers: The Genesis of the Childrens’s Aid Movement in Ontario.” Dimensions of Childhood: Essays on the History of Children and Youth in Canada. Ed. Russell Smandych, Gordon Dodds, and Alvin Esau. Winnipeg, MB: U of Manitoba Legal Research Institute, 1991. 135-58.
Burt, Stephen. The Forms of Youth: Twentieth-Century Poetry and Adolescence. New York: Columbia UP, 2007.
Carrington, Kerry. Offending Girls: Sex, Youth, and Justice. Sydney, Austral.: Allen & Unwin, 1993.
The Centre for Research in Young People’s Texts and Cultures. 22 Apr. 2009 <http://crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/>.
Christie, Nancy, and Michael Gauvreau, eds. Cultures of Citizenship in Post-War Canada, 1940-1955. Montreal: MQUP, 2004.
Clauser, Benno. “Street Children: Deconstructing a Construct.” Constructing and Reconstructing Childhood: Contemporary Issues in the Sociological Study of Childhood. Ed. Allison James and Alan Prout. London; New York: Falmer Press, 1990. 138-56.
Climenhage, Jo-Ann B. “Street Kids: An Ethnographic Study of a Deviant Adolescent Subculture Group.” MA thesis. McMaster U, 1989.
Cohen, Albert. Delinquent Boys: The Culture of the Gang. Glencoe, IL: Free Press, 1955.
Cox, Pamela. “Rescue and Reform: Girls, Delinquency and Industrial Schools, 1908-1933.” Diss. U of Cambridge, 1996.
Davin, Anna. Growing Up Poor: Home, School and Street in London, 1870-1914. London: Rivers Oram Press, 1996.
Dei, George J. Sefa. Reconstructing ‘Drop-Out’: A Critical Ethnography of the Dynamics of Black Students’ Disengagement from School. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1997.
Dendy, Helen. “Children of Working London.” Aspects of the Social Problem by Various Writers.Ed. Bernard Bosanquet. London: Macmillan, 1895. 28-45.
Dyhouse, Carol. “Working-Class Mothers and Infant Mortality in England, 1895-1914.” Journal of Social History 13 (Winter 1978): 248-67.
Dyos, Harold James. Victorian Suburb: A Study of the Growth of Camberwell.Leicester, Eng.: Leicester UP, 1961.
Edelbrock, Craig. “Running away from Home: Incidence and Correlates among Children and Youth Referred for Mental Health Services.” Journal of Family Issues 1.2 (June 1980): 210-28.
Elder, Glen, Jr. Children of the Great Depression: Social Change in Life Experience. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1974.
English, Clifford. “Leaving Home: A Typology of Runaways.” Trans-Action 10 (1973): 22-24.
Ennew, Judith. “Parentless Friends: A Cross-Cultural Examination of Network among Street Children and Street Youth.” Social Networks and Social Support in Childhood and Adolescence. Ed. Frank Nestmann and Klaus Hurrelmann. Berlin; New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1994. 409-26.
Farber, Edward, et al. “Violence in Families of Adolescent Runaways.” Child Abuse and Neglect 8.3 (1984): 295-99.
Farrington, David, et al. “Unemployment, School Leaving, and Crime.” British Journal of Criminology 26 (1986): 335-56.
Filgueiras, Ana. “Among the Street Children.” World Health (May-June 1992): 6-8.
Finkelhor, David. “The International Epidemiology of Child Abuse.” Child Abuse and Neglect 18.5 (May 1994): 409-17.
Freeman, Richard B. “The Supply of Youths to Crime.” Exploring the Underground Economy: Studies of Illegal and Unreported Activity. Ed. Susan Pozo. Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 1996. N. pag.
Garbarino, James, Cynthia J. Schellenbach, Janet M. Sebes, and assoc., eds. Troubled Youth, Troubled Families: Understanding Families at Risk for Adolescent Treatment. New York: Aldine Pub., 1986.
Giroux, Henry A. “Animating Youth: The Disnification of Children’s Culture.” 18 Jan. 1995. Penn State U. 18 Oct. 2007 <http://www.gseis.ucla.edu/courses/ed253a/Giroux/Giroux2.html>.
Gordon, Linda. Heroes of Their Own Lives: The Politics and History of Family Violence. New York: Penguin, 1988.
Gutierres, Sara, and John Reich. “A Development Perspective on Runaway Behavior: Its Relationship to Child Abuse.” Child Welfare 60 (1981): 89-94.
Hagan, John, and Bill McCarthy. Mean Streets: Youth Crime and Homelessness. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge UP, 1997.
Hart, Mary H. The Children of the Street: Mary Carpenter’s Work in Relation to Our Own. 1880. Fwd. J. Llewelyn Davies. Whitefish, MT: Kessinger Pub., 2007.
Hart, Roger A. Children’s Participation: From Tokenship to Citizenship. Innocenti Studies. Florence, It.: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, 1992.
Headdon, May Elizabeth. “Industrial Training for Girls.” Some National and Board School Reforms. 1888. Ed. Reginald Brabazon. London; New York: Longmans. 157-60.
Hecht, Tobias. At Home in the Street: Street Children of Northeast Brazil. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge UP, 1998.
Henderson, Rose. “Child Labour, Delinquency, and the Standards of Living.” Social Welfare 2.1 (Oct. 1919): 16.
Holloran, Peter. Boston’s Wayward Children: Services for Homeless Children, 1830-1930. Boston: Northeastern UP, 1999.
Human Rights Watch. Final Justice: Police and Death Squal Homicides of Adolescents in Brazil. New York: Human Rights Watch/Americas, 1994.
Hurt, J.S. Elementary School and the Working Classes, 1860-1918. London: Paladin, 1972.
Iacovetta, Franca. “Gossip, Contest, and Power in the Making of Suburban Bad Girls: Toronto, 1945-60.” Canadian Historical Review 80.4 (1999): 585-623.
IAPG. High Infant Mortality and the Plight of Street Children: Special Problems in Latin America and the Caribbean. New York: Inter-American Parlimentary Group on Population and Development, 1990.
Iselin, Henry. “The Childhood of the Poor.” Macmillan’s Magazine Apr. 1907: n. pag.
Janus, Mark-David, et al. Adolescent Runaways: Causes and Consequences.Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1987.
Jessor, Richard, et al. Beyond Adolescence: Problem Behavior and Young Adult Development. Cambridge, Eng.; New York: Cambridge UP, 1991.
Kael, Pauline. “Childhood of the Dead.” New Yorker 9 Nov. 1981: 170+.
Kendall, Sarita. “Street Kids of Bogotá.” New Society 29 May 1975: 117-18.
Kennedy, Stanislaus, ed. Streetwise: Homelessness among the Young in Ireland and Abroad.Dublin: Glendale, 1987.
Kitzinger, Jenny. “Children, Power and the Struggle against Sexual Abuse.” Constructing and Reconstructing Childhood: Contemporary Issues in the Sociological Study of Childhood. Ed. Allison James and Alan Prout. London; New York: Falmer Press, 1990. 157-83.
Koven, Seth. “Borderlands: Women, Voluntary Action, and Child Welfare in Britain, 1840-1914.” Mothers of a New World: Maternalist Politics and the Origins of Welfare States. Ed. Seth Koven and Sonya Michel. New York: Routledge, 1993. 94-135.
Kratoski, Peter. “Child Abuse and Violence against the Family.” Child Welfare 61 (1982): 435-44.
Kruttschnitt, Candace, et al. “Abuse Resistant Youth: Some Factors That May Inhibit Violent Criminal Behavior.” Social Forces 66 (1987): 501-19.
Kufeldt, Kathleen, and Margaret Nimmo. “Youth on the Street: Abuse and Neglect in the Eighties.” Child Abuse and Neglect 11.4 (1987): 531-43.
Lauderdale Graham, Sandra. House and Street: The Domestic World of Servants and Masters in Nineteenth-Century Rio de Janeiro.1st U of Texas P ed. Austin, TX: U of Texas P, 1992.
Leschied, Alan W., Peter G. Jaffe, and Wayne Willis, eds. The Young Offenders Act: A Revolution in Canadian Juvenile Justice. Ed. Alan W. Leschied, Peter G. Jaffe, and Wayne Willis.Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1991.
Levanthal, Theodore. “Inner Control Deficiencies in Runaway Children.” Archives of General Psychiatry 11 (1964):170-76.
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Libertoff, Ken. “The Runaway Child in America: A Social History.” Journal of Family Issues 1.2 (June 1980): 151-64.
Liddiard, Mark, and Susan Hutson. “Homeless Young People and Runaways: Agency Definitions and Processes.” Journal of Social Policy 20 (1991): 365-88.
Machin, Stephen, and Sandra McNally. Education and Child Poverty: A Literature Review. York, Eng.: Joseph Rowntree Foundation, 2006.
Malouin, Marie-Paule, ed. L’Univers des enfants en difficulté au Québec entre 1940 et 1960. Montréal: Bellarmin, 1996.
Mao, Douglas. Fateful Beauty: Aesthetic Environments, Juvenile Development, and Literature 1860-1960. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP, 2008.
Martinez, Celorrio. “Captive Marginality and Despicable Poverty: Careers of Deculturation among Homeless Youth.” Revista international de sociologia 3 (1992): 113-39.
McCarthy, Bill, and John Hagan. “Homelessness: A Criminogenic Situation?” British Journal of Criminology 31 (1991): 393-410.
---. “Life on the Street: Serious Theft, Drug-Selling, and Prostitution among Helpless Youth.”Diss. Dept. of Sociology, U of Toronto, 1990.
McCord, Joan. “A Forty Year Perspective on Effects of Child Abuse and Neglect.” Child Abuse and Neglect 7.3 (1983): 265-70.
Ménard, Sylvie. Des Enfants sous surveillance : la rééducation des jeunes délinquants au Québec, 1840-1950. Montréal: VLB, 2003.
Mitchison, Noami. All Change Here: Girlhood and Marriage. London: Bodley Head, 1975.
Morch, Jesper. “Abandoned and Street Children.” Spec. issue of Ideas Forum 16 (1984): 1. Geneva: UNICEF, Information Division.
Morril, Calvin, et al. “Telling Tales in School: Youth Culture and Conflict Narratives.” Law and Society Review 34.3 (2000): 521-65.
Ortiz de Carrizosa, Susana. “Latin American Street Children: Problem, Programmers and Critique.” International Social Work 35.4 (1992): 405-13.
Patel, Sheela. “Street Children, Hotel Boys and Children of Pavement Dwellers and Construction Workers in Bombay - How They Meet Their Daily Needs.” Environment and Urbanization 2.2 (1990): 9-26.
Poverzanovíc, Maja. “Children, War and Nation:Croatia.” Childhood 4.1 (1997): 81-102.
Rialp, Victoria. “Street Children.” World Health (Mar.-Apr. 1991): 8-10.
Richardson, Theresa R. The Century of the Child: The Montreal Hygiene Movement and Social Policy in the US and Canada.Albany, NY: SUNY, 1989.
Robey, Ames, et al. “The Runaway Girl: A Reaction to Family Stress.” American Journal of Orthopsychiatry.34 (1964): 762-67.
Rocha, Jan. “Major Pressed to Raise Brazil’s Child Killings.” Guardian [London] 3 June 1992: 6.
Rooke, Patricia, and R.L. Schnell. Discarding the Asylum: From Child Rescue to the Welfare State in English Canada.Lanham, MD: UP of America, 1983.
Rosenwald, Richard, and Joseph Mayer. “Runaway Girls from Suburbia.” American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 37 (1967): 402-403.
Ruddick, Susan M. Young and Homeless in Hollywood.New York: Routledge, 1996.
Sarkar, Mela, and Dawn Allen. “Hybrid Identities in Quebec Hip-Hop: Language, Territory, and Ethnicity in the Mix.” Journal of Language, Identity, and Education 6.2 (2007): 117-30.
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Saunders. B. Homeless Young People in Britain. London: Bedford Square, 1986.
Schissel, Bernard. Blaming Children: Youth Crime, Moral Panics and the Politics of Hate.Halifax, NS: Fernwood, 1997.
The Secret Self: An Exploration of Canadian Children’s Literature / Le Moi secret : une exploration de la littérature de jeunesse canadienne. Ottawa: National Library of Canada,1988.
Seiter, Ellen. Sold Separately: Children and Parents in Consumer Culture.New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 1993.
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Sherard, Robert Harborough. The Child Slaves of Britain.London: Hurst and Blackett, 1905.
Simons, Ronald L., and Les B. Whitbeck. “Sexual Abuse as a Precursor to Prostitution and Victimization among Adolescent and Adult Homeless Women.” Journal of Family Issues 12.3 (Sept. 1991): 361-79.
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Compiled by Zahra Roostaee and Roxanne Rimstead